Degradation of Cosmetic Microplastics via Functionalized Carbon Nanosprings

September 03, 2019

Matter, 2019, 1, 1–14.



Microplastics (MPs) pollution in household wastewater and global aquatic systems has become an emerging issue and potential threat to marine life and human health. However, advanced technologies for efficient MPs control and purification remain largely underdeveloped. Herein, we present integrated carbocatalytic oxidation and hydrothermal (HT) hydrolysis of microplastics over magnetic spring-like carbon nanotubes. The robust carbon hybrids exhibited an outstanding MPs degradation performance by catalytic activation of peroxymonosulfate to generate reactive radicals. The spiral architecture and highly graphitic degree guaranteed the superb stability of the carbocatalysts in HT environment. The toxicity tests indicated that the organic intermediates from MPs degradation were environmentally benign to the aquatic microorganisms and can serve as a carbon source for algae cultivation. The outcomes of this study are dedicated to providing a green strategy by integrating state-of-the-art carbocatalysis and nanotechnology for remediation of MPs contamination in water.

Persulfate Activation on Crystallographic Manganese Oxides: Mechanism of Singlet Oxygen Evolution for Nonradical Selective Degradation of Aqueous Contaminants

Environmental Science & Technology, 2019, 53 (1), pp 307–315


In this study, one-dimension manganese dioxides (α- and β-MnO2) were discovered as effective PDS activators among the diverse manganese oxides for selective degradation of organic contaminants. A comprehensive study was conducted  to identity the reactive oxygen species (ROS). Singlet oxygen (1O2) was unveiled to be the primary ROS, which was generated by direct oxidation or recombination of superoxide ions and radicals from a metastable manganese intermediate at neutral pH. The study dedicates to the first mechanistic study into PDS activation over manganese oxides and provides a novel catalytic system for selective removal of organic contaminants in wastewater.

Metal-Free Carbocatalysis in Advanced Oxidation Reactions

Accounts of Chemical Research, 2018, 51 (3), pp 678–687



Since our reports of heterogeneous activation of persulfates with low-dimensional nanocarbons, the novel oxidative system has raised tremendous interest for degradation of organic contaminants in wastewater without secondary contamination. In this Account, we showcase our recent contributions to metal-free catalysis in advanced oxidation, including design of nanocarbon catalysts, exploration of intrinsic active sites, and identification of reactive species and reaction pathways, and we offer perspectives on carbocatalysis for future environmental applications.

Heteroatom (N or N-S)-Doping Induced Layered and Honeycomb Microstructures of Porous Carbons for CO2 Capture and Energy Applications

November 07, 2016

Advanced Functional Materials. In press (DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201603937)

In this study, N-doped layered and N, S codoped honeycomb carbons have been fabricated, and the hydrogen-bond interactions during the self-assembly process are suggested to be responsible for the formation of different pore frameworks. The tailored micropore/mesopore architecture and heteroatom doping of the porous carbons synergistically induce enhanced CO2 capture capacity/selectivity and improved oxygen reduction reaction activities.What's this item about? What makes it interesting? Write a catchy description to grab your audience's attention...

N-Doping-Induced Nonradical Reaction on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Catalytic Phenol Oxidation

ACS Catalysis, 2015, 5 (2), 553–559

Metal-free materials have been demonstrated to be promising alternatives to conventional metal-based catalysts. In this study, N-doped carbon nanotubes (NoCNTs) were employed as metal-free catalysts for phenol catalytic oxidation with sulfate radicals and, more importantly, a detailed mechanism of PMS activation and the roles of nitrogen heteroatoms were comprehensively investigated. For the first time, a nonradical pathway accompanied by radical generation (•OH and SO4•–) in phenol oxidation with PMS was discovered upon nitrogen heteroatom doping.  

Sulfur and Nitrogen Co-Doped Graphene for Metal-Free Catalytic Oxidation Reactions

Small 2015 11 (25), 3036-3044

Facile synthesis of S and N co-doped graphene (SNG) demonstrated superior catalytic activity in activation of peroxymonosulfate for phenol oxidation, providing 86.6-fold higher efficiency than graphene oxide, and 22.8, 19.7, and 4.5 times higher than pristine graphene, S-dope rGO , and N-doped rGO , respectively. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to elucidate the mechanism of the enhanced catalytic performances. This paper is featured as Frontispiece Cover and highlighted by Material Views.

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Journal Articles 


  • Q Liu, H Tian, Z Dai, H Sun, J Liu, Z Ao, S Wang, C Han, S Liu. Nitrogen-doped Carbon Nanospheres-Modified Graphitic Carbon Nitride with Outstanding Photocatalytic Activity Nano-Micro Letters 2020, 12 (1), 24.

  • N Uddin, H Zhang, Y Du, G Jia, S Wang, Z Yin. Structural‐Phase Catalytic Redox Reactions in Energy and Environmental Applications Advanced Materials 2020, 1905739.

  • JR de Andrade, MGA Vieira, MGC da Silva, S Wang. Oxidative degradation of pharmaceutical losartan potassium with N-doped hierarchical porous carbon and peroxymonosulfate Chemical Engineering Journal 2020, 382, 122971.

  • Y Wang, J Xi, X Duan, W Lv, H Cao, C Chen, Z Guo, Y Xie, S Wang. The duet of surface and radical-based carbocatalysis for oxidative destructions of aqueous contaminants over built-in nanotubes of graphite Journal of hazardous materials 2020, 384, 121486.

  • J Yu, Z Zhu, H Zhang, G Di, Y Qiu, D Yin, S Wang. Hydrochars from pinewood for adsorption and nonradical catalysis of bisphenols Journal of hazardous materials 2020, 385, 121548.

  • D Wu, W Song, L Chen, X Duan, Q Xia, X Fan, Y Li, F Zhang, W Peng, S Wang. High-Performance Porous Graphene from Synergetic Nitrogen Doping and Physical Activation for Advanced Nonradical Oxidation Journal of Hazardous Materials 2020, 381, 121010.

  • J Miao, J Li, J Dai, D Guan, C Zhou, W Zhou, X Duan, S Wang, Z Shao. Post-synthesis oxygen nonstoichiometric regulation: a new strategy for performance enhancement of perovskites in advanced oxidation Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 2020, 59 (1), 99-109.

  • W Ren, L Xiong, G Nie, H Zhang, X Duan, S Wang. Insights into the Electron-Transfer Regime of Peroxydisulfate Activation on Carbon Nanotubes: The Role of Oxygen Functional Groups Environmental Science & Technology 2020, 54 (2), 1267-1275.

  • S Zhu, S Ho, C Jin, X Duan, S Wang. Nanostructured manganese oxides: Natural/artificial formation and their induced catalysis for wastewater remediation Environmental Science: Nano 2020. DOI: 10.1039/C9EN01250H.

  • Z Chen, X Duan, W Wei, S Wang, Z Zhang, B Ni. Boride-based electrocatalysts: Emerging candidates for water splitting Nano Research, 2020, 1-22.


Journal Articles 


  • X Duan, J Kang, W Tian, H Zhang, S Ho, Y Zhu, Z Ao, H Sun, S Wang. Interfacial-engineered cobalt@carbon hybrids for synergistically boosted evolution of sulfate radicals toward green oxidation Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, in press.

  • J Zheng, X Li, Y Qin, S Zhang, M Sun, X Duan, H Sun, P Li, S Wang. Zn phthalocyanine/carbon nitride heterojunction for visible light photoelectrocatalytic conversion of CO2 to methanol Journal of Catalysis 2019, 371, 214-223.

  • X Duan, S Indrawirawan, J Kang, W Tian, H Zhang, X Duan, X Zhou, H Sun, S Wang. Synergy of carbocatalytic and heat activation of persulfate for evolution of reactive radicals toward metal-free oxidation Catalysis Today 2019, in press.

  • J Kang, H Zhang, X Duan, H Sun, X Tan, S Liu, S Wang. Magnetic Ni-Co alloy encapsulated N-doped carbon nanotubes for catalytic membrane degradation of emerging contaminants Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 362, 251-261.

  • J Kang, H Zhang, X Duan, H Sun, X Tan, S Wang. Nickel in hierarchically structured nitrogen-doped graphene for robust and promoted degradation of antibiotics Journal of Cleaner Production 2019, 218, 202-211.

  • L Zhao, M Azhar, X Li, X Duan, H Sun, S Wang, X Fang. Adsorption of cerium (III) by HKUST-1 metal-organic framework from aqueous solution Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2019, 542, 421-428.

  • J Wang, X Duan, Q Dong, F Meng, X Tan, S Liu, S Wang. Facile synthesis of N-doped 3D graphene aerogel and its excellent performance in catalytic degradation of antibiotic contaminants in water Carbon 2019, 144, 781-790.

  • J Kang, X Duan, H Sun, S Wang. Catalytic degradation of antibiotics by metal-free catalysis over nitrogen-doped graphene Catalysis Today 2019.

  • S Zhu, X Li, J Kang, X Duan, S Wang. Persulfate Activation on Crystallographic Manganese Oxides: Mechanism of Singlet Oxygen Evolution for Nonradical Selective Degradation of Aqueous Contaminants Environmental Science & Technology 2019, 53(1), 307-315.

  • Y Wang, H Cao, C Chen, Y Xie, H Sun, X Duan, S Wang. Metal-free catalytic ozonation on surface-engineered graphene: Microwave reduction and heteroatom doping Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 355, 118-129.

  • J Miao, X Duan, J Li, J Dai, B Liu, S Wang, W Zhou, Z Shao. Boosting performance of lanthanide magnetism perovskite for advanced oxidation through lattice doping with catalytically inert element Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 355, 721-730.

  • M Al Haydar, H Abid, B Sunderland, S Wang, Multimetal organic frameworks as drug carriers: aceclofenac as a drug candidate Drug design, development and therapy, 2019, 13, 23-35.

  • X Duan, W Li, Z Ao, J Kang, W Tian, H Zhang, SH Ho, H Sun, S Wang, Origins of boron catalysis in peroxymonosulfate activation and advanced oxidation Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2019, DOI: 10.1039/c9ta04885e.

  • L Huang, L Ai, M Wang, J Jiang, S Wang, Hierarchical MoS2 nanosheets integrated Ti3C2 MXenes for electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 2019, 44 (2), 965-976.

  • X Guo, Y Zhu, W Han, X Fan, Y Li, F Zhang, G Zhang, W Peng, S Wang, Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots decorated graphite foam as ultra-high active free-standing electrode for electrochemical hydrogen evolution and phenol degradation Chemical Engineering Science 2019, 194, 54-57.

  • L Zhai, S Kong, H Zhang, W Tian, M Sun, H Sun, S Wang, Facile synthesis of Co-N-rGO composites as an excellent electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction reaction Chemical Engineering Science 2019, 194, 45-53.

  • H Zhou, Z Wen, J Liu, J Ke, X Duan, S Wang, Z-scheme plasmonic Ag decorated WO3/Bi2WO6 hybrids for enhanced photocatalytic abatement of chlorinated-VOCs under solar light irradiation Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, 242, 76-84.

  • P Shao, J Tian, X Duan, Y Yang, W Shi, X Luo, F Cui, S Luo, S Wang, Cobalt silicate hydroxide nanosheets in hierarchical hollow architecture with maximized cobalt active site for catalytic oxidation Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 359, 79-87.

  • G Feng, J Ma, X Zhang, Q Zhang, Y Xiao, Q Ma, S Wang, Magnetic natural composite Fe3O4-chitosan@ bentonite for removal of heavy metals from acid mine drainage Journal of colloid and interface science 2019, 538, 132-141.

  • T Ma, L Liu, B Meng, J Gao, S Wang, S Liu, Heterogeneous activation of peroxymonosulfate via a Ag-La0. 8Ca0. 2Fe0. 94O3− δ perovskite hollow fibre membrane reactor for dye degradation Separation and Purification Technology 2019, 211, 298-302.

  • J Ke, C Zhao, H Zhou, X Duan, S Wang, Enhanced solar light driven activity of pn heterojunction for water oxidation induced by deposition of Cu2O on Bi2O3 microplates Sustainable Materials and Technologies 2019, 19, e00088.

  • S Bai, R Li, G Su, X Duan, S Wang, N Ren, SH Ho, Magnetic biochar catalysts from anaerobic digested sludge: Production, application and environment impact Environment international 2019, 126, 302-308.

  • Y Wang, L Chen, H Cao, Z Chi, C Chen, X Duan, Y Xie, F Qi, W Song, J Liu, S Wang, Role of oxygen vacancies and Mn sites in hierarchical Mn2O3/LaMnO3-δ perovskite composites for aqueous organic pollutants decontamination Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, 245, 546-554.

  • L Liu, J Gao, P Liu, X Duan, N Han, F Li, M Veronica Sofianos, S Wang, X Tan, S Liu, Novel applications of perovskite oxide via catalytic peroxymonosulfate advanced oxidation in aqueous systems for trace L-cysteine detection Journal of colloid and interface science 2019, 545, 311-316.

  • L Zhai, M Duan, M Qiao, M Sun, S Wang, Electro-assisted catalytic wet air oxidation of organic pollutants on a MnO@ C/GF anode under room condition Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, 117822.

  • Y Wang, L Huang, L Ai, M Wang, Z Fan, J Jiang, H Sun, S Wang, Ultrathin nickel-cobalt inorganic-organic hydroxide hybrid nanobelts as highly efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction Electrochimica Acta 2019, 318, 966-976.

  • J Liu, J Zhang, D Wang, D Li, J Ke, S Wang, S Liu, H Xiao, R Wang, Highly Dispersed NiCo2O4 Nanodots Decorated Three-Dimensional g-C3N4 for Enhanced Photocatalytic H2 Generation ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 7 (14), 12428-12438.

  • M Sun, Y Zhang, S Kong, L Zhai, S Wang, Excellent performance of electro-assisted catalytic wet air oxidation of refractory organic pollutants Water research 2019, 158, 313-321.

  • N Han, Z Yao, H Ye, C Zhang, P Liang, H Sun, S Wang, S Liu, Efficient removal of organic pollutants by ceramic hollow fibre supported composite catalyst Sustainable Materials and Technologies 2019, 20, e00108.

  • X Duan, W Tian, H Zhang, H Sun, Z Ao, Z Shao, S Wang, sp2/sp3 Framework from Diamond Nanocrystals: A Key Bridge of Carbonaceous Structure to Carbocatalysis ACS Catalysis 2019, 9 (8), 7494-7519.

  • J Kang, L Zhou, X Duan, H Sun, Z Ao, S Wang, Degradation of Cosmetic Microplastics via Functionalized Carbon Nanosprings Matter 2019,1, 1-14.

  • Q Dong, J Wang, X Duan, X Tan, S Liu, S Wang, Self-assembly of 3D MnO2/N-doped graphene hybrid aerogel for catalytic degradation of water pollutants: Structure-dependent activity Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 369, 1049-1058.

  • S Ho, R Li, C Zhang, Y Ge, G Cao, M Ma, X Duan, S Wang, N Ren, N-doped graphitic biochars from C-phycocyanin extracted Spirulina residue for catalytic persulfate activation toward nonradical disinfection and organic oxidation Water research 2019, 159, 77-86.

  • J Ke, H Zhou, J Liu, Z Zhang, X Duan, S Wang, Enhanced light-driven water splitting by fast electron transfer in 2D/2D reduced graphene oxide/tungsten trioxide heterojunction with preferential facets Journal of colloid and interface science 2019, 555, 413-422.

  • Y Yao, M Yu, H Yin, F Wei, J Zhang, H Hu, S Wang, Tannic acid-Fe coordination derived Fe/N-doped carbon hybrids for catalytic oxidation processes Applied Surface Science 2019, 489, 44-54.

  • M Sun, Y Zhang, H Liu, F Zhang, L Zhai, S Wang, Room-temperature air oxidation of organic pollutants via electrocatalysis by nanoscaled Co-CoO on graphite felt anode Environment international 2019, 131, 104977.

  • Q Liu, C Zeng, Z Xie, L Ai, Y Liu, Q Zhou, J Jiang, H Sun, S Wang, Cobalt@ nitrogen-doped bamboo-structured carbon nanotube to boost photocatalytic hydrogen evolution on carbon nitride Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 2019, 254, 443-451.

  • Y Yao, Y Hu, H Hu, L Chen, M Yu, M Gao, S Wang, Metal-free catalysts of graphitic carbon nitride–covalent organic frameworks for efficient pollutant destruction in water Journal of colloid and interface science 2019, 554, 376-387.

  • C Han, X Duan, M Zhang, W Fu, X Duan, W Ma, S Liu, S Wang, X Zhou, Role of electronic properties in partition of radical and nonradical processes of carbocatalysis toward peroxymonosulfate activation Carbon 2019, 153, 73-80.

  • S Wang, F He, X Zhao, J Zhang, Z Ao, H Wu, Y Yin, L Shi, X Xu, C Zhao, S Wang, Hi Sun, Phosphorous doped carbon nitride nanobelts for photodegradation of emerging contaminants and hydrogen evolution Applied Catalysis B: Environmental  2019, 257, 117931.

  • Q Yang, Z Xiao, D Kong, T Zhang, X Duan, S Zhou, Y Niu, Y Shen, H Sun, S Wang, L Zhi, New insight to the role of edges and heteroatoms in nanocarbons for oxygen reduction reaction Nano Energy 2019, 66, 104096.

  • C Nie, Z Dai, H Meng, X Duan, Y Qin, Y Zhou, Z Ao, S Wang, T An, Peroxydisulfate activation by positively polarized carbocatalyst for enhanced removal of aqueous organic pollutants Water Research 2019, 166, 115043.

  • H Zhang, W Tian, X Duan, H Sun, S Liu, S Wang, Catalysis of a Single Transition Metal Site for Water Oxidation: From Mononuclear Molecules to Single Atoms Advanced Materials 2019, 1904037.

  • Y Yao, M Gao, Y Zhang, H Zheng, H Hu, H Yin, S Wang, Nonprecious bimetallic (Mo, Fe)-N/C nanostructures loaded on PVDF membrane for toxic CrVI reduction from water Journal of Hazardous Materials 2019, 121844.

  • A Elbadawi, L Ge, J Zhang, L Zhuang, S Liu, X Tan, S Wang, Z Zhu, Partial oxidation of methane to syngas in catalytic membrane reactor: Role of catalyst oxygen vacancies Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 123739.

  • W Tian, H Sun, X Duan, H Zhang, Y Ren, S Wang, Biomass-derived functional porous carbons for adsorption and catalytic degradation of binary micropollutants in water Journal of Hazardous Materials 2019, 121881.

  • Y Yao, H Yin, M Gao, Y Hu, H Hu, M Yu, S Wang, Electronic structure modulation of covalent organic frameworks by single-atom Fe doping for enhanced oxidation of aqueous contaminants Chemical Engineering Science 2019, 209, 115211.

  • H Wu, X Xu, L Shi, Y Yin, L Zhang, Z Wu, X Duan, S Wang, H Sun, Manganese oxide integrated catalytic ceramic membrane for degradation of organic pollutants using sulfate radicals Water Research 2019, 167, 115110.

  • Y Chen, X Duan, C Zhang, S Wang, N Ren, S Ho, Graphitic biochar catalysts from anaerobic digestion sludge for nonradical degradation of micropollutants and disinfection Chemical Engineering Journal 2019, 123244.

  • H Li, J Tian, F Xiao, R Huang, S Gao, F Cui, S Wang, X Duan, Structure-dependent catalysis of cuprous oxides in peroxymonosulfate activation via nonradical pathway with a high oxidation capacity Journal of hazardous materials 2019, 121518.

  • J Ke, H Zhou, J Liu, Z Zjamg, X Duan, S Wang, Enhanced light-driven water splitting by fast electron transfer in 2D/2D reduced graphene oxide/tungsten trioxide heterojunction with preferential facets Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 2019, 555, 413-422.

  • W Ren, L Xiong, X Yuan, Z Yu, H Zhang, X Duan, S Wang, Activation of Peroxydisulfate on Carbon Nanotubes: Electron Transfer Mechanism Environmental science & technology 2019, 53 (24), 14595-14603.


Journal Articles 


Journal Articles 


Journal Articles 


Booking Chapters

Conference Articles

Journal Articles 

  • Duan, X., Z. Ao, H. Sun, S. Indrawirawan, Y. Wang, J. Kang, F. Liang, Z. H. Zhu, and S. Wang. 2015.“Nitrogen-Doped Graphene for Generation and Evolution of Reactive Radicals by Metal-Free Catalysis.”ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 7: 4169-4178.

  • Duan, X., H. Sun, Y. Wang, J. Kang, and S. Wang. 2015.“N-Doping-Induced Nonradical Reaction on Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes for Catalytic Phenol Oxidation.”ACS Catalysis 5: 553-559.

  • Shen, Z., P. Liang, S. Wang, L. Liu, and S. Liu. 2015.“Green synthesis of carbon- and silver-modified hierarchical ZnO with excellent solar light driven photocatalytic performance.”ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 3 (5): 1010-1016.

  • Wang, Y., H. Sun, H. Ang, M. O. Tade, and S. Wang. 2015.“3 D-hierarchically structured MnO2 for catalytic oxidation of phenol solutions by activation of peroxymonosulfate: Structure dependence and mechanism.Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 164: 159-167.

  • Duan, X., H. Sun, J. Kang, Y. Wang, S. Indrawirawan, and S. Wang. 2015.“Insights into Heterogeneous Catalysis of Persulfate Activation on Dimensional-Structured Nanocarbons.”ACS Catalysis 5: 4629-4636.

  • Wang, Y., H. Sun, X. Duan, H. Ang, M. O. Tade, and S. Wang. 2015.“A new magnetic nano zero-valent iron encapsulated in carbon spheres for oxidative degradation of phenol.”Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 172-173: 73-81.

  • Indrawirawan, S., H. Sun, X. Duan, and S. Wang. 2015.“Nanocarbons in different structural dimensions (0-3D) for phenol adsorption and metal-free catalytic oxidation.”Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 179: 352-362.

  • Duan, X., S. Indrawirawan, H. Sun, and S. Wang. 2015.“Effects of nitrogen-, boron-, and phosphorus-doping or codoping on metal-free graphene catalysis.Catalysis Today 249: 184-191.

  • Ai, B., X. Duan, H. Sun, X. Qiu, and S. Wang. 2015.“Metal-free graphene-carbon nitride hybrids for photodegradation of organic pollutants in water.”Catalysis Today 258 (Part 2): 688-675.

  • Wang, Y., L. Zhou, X. Duan, H. Sun, E. L. Tin, W. Jin, and S. Wang. 2015.“Photochemical degradation of phenol solutions on Co3O4 nanorods with sulfate radicals.”Catalysis Today 258: 576-584.

  • Duan, X., Z. Ao, H. Sun, L. Zhou, G. Wang, and S. Wang. 2015.“Insights into N-doping in single-walled carbon nanotubes for enhanced activation of superoxides: A mechanistic study.”Chemical Communications 51 (83): 15249-15252.

  • Wang, Y., S. Indrawirawan, X. Duan, H. Sun, H. Ang, M. O. Tade, and S. Wang. 2015.“New insights into heterogeneous generation and evolution processes of sulfate radicals for phenol degradation over one-dimensional a-MnO2 nanostructures.”Chemical Engineering Journal 266: 12-20.

  • Zhou, G., L. Zhou, H. Sun, H. Ang, M. O. Tade, and S. Wang. 2015.“Carbon microspheres supported cobalt catalysts for phenol oxidation with peroxymonosulfate.”Chemical Engineering Research and Design 101: 15-21.

  • Duan, X., K. O’Donnell, H. Sun, Y. Wang, and S. Wang. 2015.“Sulfur and nitrogen co-doped graphene for metal-free catalytic oxidation reactions.”Small 11: 3036-3044.

  • Rada, Z. H., H. Abid, J. Shang, Y. He, P. Webley, S. Liu, H. Sun, and S. Wang. 2015.“Effects of amino functionality on uptake of CO<inf>2</inf>, CH<inf>4</inf> and selectivity of CO<inf>2</inf>/CH<inf>4</inf> on titanium based MOFs.”Fuel 160: 318-327.

  • Rada, Z. H., H. R. Abid, H. Sun, and S. Wang. 2015.“Bifunctionalized Metal Organic Frameworks, UiO-66-NO<inf>2</inf>-N (N = -NH<inf>2</inf>, -(OH)<inf>2</inf>, -(COOH)<inf>2</inf>), for Enhanced Adsorption and Selectivity of CO<inf>2</inf> and N<inf>2</inf>.”Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data 60 (7): 2152-2161.

  • He, J., H. Sun, S. Indrawirawan, X. Duan, M. O. Tade, and S. Wang. 2015.“Novel polyoxometalateatg-C<inf>3</inf>N<inf>4</inf> hybrid photocatalysts for degradation of dyes and phenolics.”Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 456: 15-21.

  • Yao, Y., F. Lu, Y. Zhu, F. Wei, X. Liu, C. Lian, and S. Wang. 2015.“Magnetic core-shell CuFe<inf>2</inf>O<inf>4</inf>@C<inf>3</inf>N<inf>4</inf> hybrids for visible light photocatalysis of Orange II.”Journal of Hazardous Materials 297: 224-233.

  • Yao, Y., J. Qin, H. Chen, F. Wei, X. Liu, J. Wang, and S. Wang. 2015.“One-pot approach for synthesis of N-doped TiO2/ZnFe2O4 hybrid as an efficient photocatalyst for degradation of aqueous organic pollutants.”Journal of Hazardous Materials 291: 28-37.

  • Indrawirawan S, Sun H, Duan X, Wang S.2015 Low temperature combustion synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene for metal-free catalytic oxidationJournal of Materials Chemistry A 3 (7), 3432-3440

  • Yao, Y., Y. Cai, G. Wu, F. Wei, X. Li, H. Chen, and S. Wang. 2015.“Sulfate radicals induced from peroxymonosulfate by cobalt manganese oxides (Co<inf>x</inf>Mn<inf>3-x</inf>O<inf>4</inf>) for Fenton-Like reaction in water.Journal of Hazardous Materials 296: 128-137

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